Bariatric medicine is a branch of obesity treatment that aims to reduce the size of the patient’s stomach and intestines. This is done to reduce calorie intake and promote weight loss. Bariatric medicine Hackensack includes several different methods for achieving this goal.
Bariatric surgery is one option for people with a BMI (body mass index) greater than 40 or a body mass index of 35 or higher who cannot lose weight with diet alone.
Here are how bariatric medicine works and the benefits
How does bariatric surgery work?
Bariatric surgery aims to reduce the amount of food your body absorbs into its bloodstream by reducing the size of your stomach. The procedure involves making an incision in the upper abdomen (abdominal wall). You will then have tubes inserted into your stomach through this incision so that food can’t go into your small intestine (small intestine). The tubes are connected to a larger tube inserted into your small intestine (duodenum), where it connects to a collection of tubes called a gastric bypass machine that drains most of what you eat directly
Why is bariatric medicine important?
Prevent obstructive sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder that occurs when the muscles in your throat relax and stop breathing during sleep. If left untreated, it can cause serious health problems, including high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
Reduce the size of the stomach
Bariatric surgery reduces the size of your stomach and the amount of food you eat at one time. This increases how much air you take into your lungs during each breath and helps you breathe more deeply. Your body will use less oxygen to digest food and produce energy for daily activities.
Prevent diabetic complications
Bariatric surgery also helps prevent many diabetic complications, such as heart disease and stroke. The risk of heart attack or stroke is reduced by about 75% in patients who have had gastric bypass surgery compared to those who have not had this type of operation. The risk of developing diabetes-related complications is also significantly lower among people who have had gastric bypass surgery than among people with Type 2 diabetes who do not have it.
Improve glucose tolerance
Gastric bypass surgery improves glucose tolerance by reducing the number of carbohydrates absorbed in the intestine and increasing the amount of glucose absorbed in the small intestine. This prevents hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) or hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), which are common problems for people with type 2 diabetes on medications alone. Gastric bypass surgery may also help improve long-term glycemic control by decreasing the secretion of some hormones that affect blood sugar levels.
Reduce heart disease risk
Obesity increases the risk of developing several types of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Bariatric surgery can reduce this risk by reducing body fat mass and improving insulin sensitivity. In addition, bariatric surgery may also improve blood lipid levels and blood sugar control.
Bariatric surgery is a surgical procedure to treat obesity. The surgery is performed using a combination of techniques, often with weight loss medications and other supportive care. Bariatric surgery can lead to significant weight loss and improved health outcomes such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, sleep apnea, gallbladder disease, and other gastrointestinal problems. For more information about bariatric medicine, contact All Health Medical Group professionals.