A hematologist diagnoses and treats diseases affecting the blood. These disorders can be benign or dangerous and can affect the red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and blood proteins responsible for clotting. Not all of these disorders require medical treatment, but some of them do. Community hematologists can diagnose and treat several types of these conditions. The most common type is anemia, which results in low red blood cell count. Some of these symptoms may include excessive bruising, nosebleeds, and thrombocytopenia, which results in increased platelet production.
Hematological disorders can be inherited
Some disorders are inherited, like hemophilia. However, most disorders are acquired. Inheritance-related blood diseases are diagnosed during childhood, but a mildly affected adult may not be identified until they are older. A diagnosis of a disorder is often made when it is detected by a blood test or through an ultrasound. In some cases, abnormal findings in the laboratory may lead to a diagnosis.
A person with an hematological disorder has a low concentration of red blood cells (erythrocytosis). It results in pale red blood cells. Anemia can also result in deformed red blood cells (plummer-Vinson syndrome). Anemia may affect a child’s spleen, causing it to be dysfunctional. This condition can cause anemia and even gingivitis.